Irish Crochet Tutorial for Beginners – Baby Bib

If you’re looking for something to do with all the thread motifs you’ve made, Irish Crochet is the answer. I know it looks intimidating, but it’s not as difficult as it it seems. It’s definitely worth a try and I think you’ll find it’s very rewarding:

Instant Heirlooms!

This was my first Irish Crochet project, a baby bib… or ukelele cover :-)  It uses twelve motifs (4 leaves, 1 rose, 2 wheels, 2 small flowers, 1 monkey face and 2 large Irish Crochet flowers). The bib is made with size 10 crochet cotton, but you can use 20 or 30, whatever your preference.


  Before you begin….

  1. Prepare a workspace

In Ireland the workers use linen cloth, often paired with paper patterns to sew the motifs on. Then everything is pinned down on foam or padded foam.

A) I used a block of styrofoam; the kind typically used for silk florals and left the saran type wrapping attached. This served as my pinnable workspace.
B) Then I took an old cotton/linen dishtowel to draw the pattern outline on. Any piece of linen will do. I recommend something white or plain rather than a print.
C) I needed a stabilizer, so I took a thin piece of cardboard that was part of the packaging of my husband’s dress shirt (similar to the cardboard from a cereal box) and covered the cardboard with the cloth described above. I affixed the cloth to the cardboard with paper clips and then affixed it to the styrofoam with sewing pins.

OOPS: I made the mistake of using a permanent marker on the cloth when I drew the outline of the bib. I recommend using a non-permanent, washable fabric pen to draw your pattern (trace an existing bib or design your own). This way, you can re-use your cloth.

2. Create the border

There are really several ways to do this. You can make a chain and pin it along the pattern you’ve outlined on the linen OR you can make a Romanian Point Lace Cord OR Irish Crochet Cord and pin it along the outline. The difference here is how thick the edge of the finished piece will be. I did a simple chain for this project.

Once, the border is pinned in place, get your hand-sewing needle and colored thread. I used black thread for contrast. Sew the border onto the linen with a basting stitch. This thread is non-permanant and will be pulled out when the piece is finished and ready for edging. You want to make sure your border will stay in place without the pins so keep the basting stitch long with intermittant crossings over the border.

3. Design the bib

Arrange your motifs so they fit inside the pattern in a design that is pleasing to you. Make sure the tails of your motifs are sewn in and snipped to keep the project clean while your working on it. Once you’ve found the design you like, TURN the motifs over so the front is facing down.  I forgot to do this. Next, pin the motifs in place, pushing the pins all the way into the styrofoam so they’re not in the way. The reason for having the motifs face down is so the netting will look like it’s coming from the back & pushing the motifs to the front, thus improving the finished look.

4. Create the netting

There is no easy to follow pattern for creating the netted background. It’s by far the most arduous task involved here and there are also several ways to do this. You can make chains with picots, clones knot, cluster stitches with chains or filet type mesh. You can even create the net with a needle instead of a crochet hook. You can also use a smaller thread (like if you used sized 10 for the motifs, use size 20 for the net).  I took the simplest approach and just did chains with sc and hdc once I figured out the rhythm. No matter what method you choose, you must start with a sl st somewhere. I recommend finding the lower corner of the biggest open space and work your way up and over. Ch 1, hdc (OR ch 2, dc for wider squares) to create the first square (in the lower corner you’ve already got 2 sides of the first square). Now ch 2 again, sk at least 2 spc and hdc (now you’ve got two (2) squares). Keep going. The hardest thing for some, may be re-learning how to hold your hook and position your hands.

As you make the squares, use pins to secure the stitches. And don’t worry, even the most mathmatical mind will work themselves into a dead end. When this happens tie off and start with a new sl st. Work in sections until you’ve completed the entire background of netting. Or, if you remembered to turn the motifs over and are working on the back side, it’s possible to sl st over the back of a motif to reach the other side.

5. Finishing

When you complete the netting, remove the basting thread and lift the piece off of the linen. Do a sc stitch around the border and add a decorative edging, if you like. Then sew on a button and weave in all tails. You can leave the color as is or dye it.